Founder Of The Boy Scouts
Baden-Powell, Robert Stephenson Smyth, 1st Baron Baden-Powell of Gilwell
(1857-1941), British soldier and founder of the Boy Scouts, born in London, and educated at Charterhouse. He joined the 13th Hussars in India in 1876. From 1888 to 1895 he was stationed, successively, in India, Afghanistan, Zululand, and Ashanti. Before and during the Boer War, he served as chief staff officer during the British campaign in Matabeleland (1896-97), colonel of Irregular Horse, South Africa, and lieutenant colonel of the 5th Dragoon Guards (1897-99).
In recognition of his courageous defense (1899-1900) of Mafeking, he was promoted to the rank of major general. He organized the South African Constabulary toward the end of the war and became inspector general of cavalry in 1903. In 1908 he became a lieutenant general. Knighted in 1909, he retired from military service the next year.
As a youth, Robert Baden-Powell greatly enjoyed the outdoors, learning about nature and how to live in the wilderness. After returning as a military hero from service in Africa, Baden-Powell discovered that English boys were reading the manual on stalking and survival in the wilderness he had written for his military regiment. Gathering ideas from Ernest Thompson Seton, Daniel Carter Beard, and others, he rewrote the manual as a nonmilitary nature skill book and called it Scouting for Boys. To test his ideas, Baden-Powell brought together 22 boys to camp at Brownsea Island, off the coast of England. This historic campout was a success and resulted in the advent of Scouting. Thus, the imagination and inspiration of Baden-Powell, later proclaimed Chief Scout of the World, brought Scouting to youth the world over.
He founded the Boy Scouts in 1908, and in 1910 he helped to found the Girl Guides, a similar organization for girls. During World War I he served in the British Intelligence Department. He wrote many books on the Boy Scout movement, including What Scouts Can Do (1921) and Scouting and Youth Movements (1929).
Founding and Purpose of the Boy Scouts In the USA
The purpose of the Boy Scouts of America, incorporated on February 8, 1910, and chartered by Congress in 1916, is to provide an educational program for boys and young adults to build character, to train in the responsibilities of participating citizenship, and to develop personal fitness.
Specifically, the BSA endeavors to develop American citizens who are physically, mentally, and emotionally fit; have a high degree of self-reliance as evidenced in such qualities as initiative, courage, and resourcefulness; have personal values based on religious concepts; have the desire and skills to help others; understand the principles of the American social, economic, and governmental systems; are knowledgeable about and take pride in their American heritage and understand our nation's role in the world; have a keen respect for the basic rights of all people; and are prepared to participate in and give leadership to American society.
Boy Scouting, one of three membership divisions of the BSA (the others are Cub Scouting and Venturing), is available to boys who have earned the Arrow of Light Award or have completed the fifth grade, or who are 11 through 17 years old, and subscribe to the Scout Oath and Law. The program achieves the BSA's objectives of developing character, citzenship, and personal fitness qualities among youth by focusing on a vigorous program of outdoor activities.
Currently, the Boy Scout program membership is 457,916 adult volunteers * 978,326 Boy Scouts * 51,181 troops*
* As of December 31, 1994. Includes Varsity Scouting
Troop 762 Chartered at St Francis of Assisi in 1962
Troop 762 has been chartered by the Boy Scouts of America since 1962 and is for boys 11-18 years old. Boy Scouting teaches citizenship, leadership, moral values, duty to God, country, and outdoor camping skills. Troop 762 is a scout run organization and the youth leadership is elected from the troop.
The troop goes camping every month and our travels takes us from the mountains of Colorado to canoeing in the Ozarks to high adventure camping at Philmont Scout Ranch in New Mexico and the Northern Tier Canoe base in Canada. The scouts have fun as they advance in rank and maturity on the trail to Eagle, the highest rank in scouting.